PMP certification has become mandatory for professional recognition. Project managers are given more importance and are valued more when they are PMP certified. PMP certification or Project Management Professional is an internationally recognized professional course offered by the Project Management Institute. PMP focuses on imparting project managerial skills and knowledge about the professional management of a project. It focuses on training the individual to handle the project from the commencement of the project till concluding it. It trains the individual to manage all the aspects of a project fluently without any errors. Although PMP training is effective and extremely useful, Agile training focuses on a different aspect of the project management profession. It prioritizes it’s techniques in such a way that it provides solutions according to the situation. The agile methodology doesn’t require in-depth prior planning as it adapts to changes throughout the course of the project. Incremental and iterative development approaches are used in agile.
AGILE APPROACHES ADOPTED:
Scrum is the most popular approach adopted to implement agile. It provides an iterative approach to software development management. Sprint is a fixed-length iteration that is used which allows shipping software frequently. A sprint lasts for a span of one to two weeks and at the end of each sprint, the stakeholders and team members conduct a meeting to plan the next steps of the project. The roles, responsibilities, and meetings are fixed in a Scrum. Each sprint consists of sprint planning, daily stand-up, sprint demo, and sprint retrospective. Task boards and burndown charts are put up to follow the progress of the sprint and to receive incremental feedback.
In this approach, in order to implement agile, a visual framework is utilized. The visual framework is then used to implement agile methodologies in the project. Although this approach contributes to a small amount of change, the small change promoted, continues to change to the current system. Some of the principles of kanban are visualizing workflow and limiting work in progress. It helps in the management of the project without the possibility of errors and reduces risks by implementing managerial principles. It also enhances the workflow and ensures that there is a continuous improvement in project management.
- Extreme programming (XP)
Extreme Programming (XP) is an agile software adopted by PMP that is a development framework that aims to produce higher quality software and increases the quality of life for the development team of the project. XP is one of the appropriate agile frameworks which offers the best engineering practices for software development. It advocates frequent releases in short development cycles, which in turn improves the productivity of the project cycle. There are several elements of XP such as extensive code review, unit testing of all codes, a flat management structure, maintaining a simple and clear code, and frequent communication with programmers. It focuses on improving the quality and responsiveness to evolving and changing requirements. Its principles include feedback, simplicity, and embracing change.
- Feature-driven development (FDD)
Feature-driven development (FDD) is an iterative and incremental software development process. It is a combination of both iterative design and incremental build model which encourages development. The rules of FDD are simple and consist of only a few practices. FDD blends many industry-recognized best software engineering practices into a consistent piece. FDD is built on a core of practices such as domain object modeling, domain by feature, individual class ownership, feature teams, inspections, and configuration management. Its main purpose is to deliver tangible and working software repeatedly in a timely manner. FDD consists of 5 activities: developing the overall model, building a feature list, planning by feature, designing by feature, and building by feature.
- Lean software development
Lean software development lays emphasis on optimizing efficiency and minimizing waste in the development stage. The concept of LSD is that efficiencies can be increased and wastage can be decreased at all levels: department level, sub-departments, each individual, and a company as a whole. Lean software development (LSD) basically is based on and follows seven principles. The principles are reduction and elimination of any waste, focusing on learning, decision-taking as late as possible, delivering of the result as soon as possible, empowerment of the team, building integrity and observing the entire management picture.
The rapid adoption of agile is due to the changing environment of the project management industry. Agile methodologies are apt for today’s changing needs of the project management industry. Agile methodologies and techniques shift their approaches as per the shift in the change of the project. The only reason for the growth in agile adaptation is the flexible methods that blend according to environmental change.